Sunday, May 17, 2020

The Jim Crow Laws Stranglehold On The American People

Separate but equal. These three words were used to justify the countless lynchings, riots, as well as legal segregation. The Jim Crow laws stranglehold on the American people was slowly diminishing. The racist regimes which dictated that African Americans be granted the basic rights but not a thing more, only perpetuated the idea of keeping the African Americans as second class citizens, was slowly coming to a close. Langston Hughes could not accept to be thrown into being a second class citizen when at one time he was treated as an equal. Hughs knew that one day, people would judge others by their character, not by the color of their skin. The theme of equality as well as the unique sense of liberating American freedom is prevalent all throughout I, Too, Sing America. This poem is a protest against the rapid discrimination that was still ongoing, despite the advances to bridge the race gap that were made. This theme is developed by the extended metaphor which continued throughout th e poem, an allusion as well as a expansion upon a earlier piece of literature called I Hear America Singing; which preaches a similar message that Hughs is trying to convey, his strong diction which evokes even stronger emotions with its imagery of the rich African American culture, as well as the stark contrasts that lie within the American society. Langston Hughs reviewed the work of Walt Whitman, as well as the general theme, prevailed of hope as well as equality. From there, HughsShow MoreRelatedThe Souls Of Black Folk By. B. Dubois1080 Words   |  5 Pageskey figure African-American historian and civil rights activist in his time leading and defending his fellows African-Americans. One of DuBois’s themes ranges on race relations developed after Reconstruction in the south. DuBois elaborates on the overwhelming divide between the white population and the black population in his chapter about race relations. DuBois lists how blacks have been crippled economically, socially, and politically by disfranchisement and the Jim Crow laws after reconstructionRead MoreBrown vs. Board of Education: Case Study1745 Words   |  7 Pageswhich pervaded nearly every aspect of American life. One of the realms that Plessy v Ferguson expressly applied to was the area of public schools. Public schools in America could be racially segre gated, based on the assumption that African-American schools were equal to their white counterparts. The assumptions made in Plessy versus Ferguson were based on the false premise that it was possible to sustain equality in a racist environment. The African-American schools were not equal. The steps leadingRead MoreThe World War I And The Soviet Union1696 Words   |  7 Pagesambitiously pursued isolationism as the solution to international affairs. As the country focused more on domestic issues because of both the swelling isolationist sentiment and eventually the Great Depression, the racial boundaries created by the Jim Crow laws segregated blacks, many of whom were struggling to escape the vicious lifestyle of sharecropping. Victims to a single cash crop economy, black and white Southern sharecroppers harvested an overproduced cotton crop tying them to the land and adding

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Essay on Aeronautical Decision Making - 1344 Words

Introduction According to the Air Safety Institute (ASI) (2014), during the past ten years, 264 accidents were caused by continued Visual Flight Rules (VFR) flight into Instrument Meteorological Conditions (IMC). Eighty-nine percent of these accidents were fatal causing hundreds of deaths. Despite initiatives by the National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) and Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) these statistics continue to be a concern for the aviation community. Previous quantitative research has focused on identification of causal factors, decision making process and new technology (Shappell Wiegmann, 2009). Recent efforts have investigated and evaluated the effectiveness of safety programs intended to mitigate risks†¦show more content†¦The detailed documentation of this process can provide rich data to increase the aviation community’s understanding of what aeronautical decision making looks like. My overarching question is how do university affiliated flight school students apply aeronautical decision making in regards to weather? The secondary research questions are: 1.) How do flight school students in their last year at Purdue University perceive weather hazards? 2.) How do flight school students in their last year at Purdue University evaluate level of risks? 3.) How do flight school students in their last year at Purdue University perform risk management? Justification for the Theoretical Paradigm and Tradition of Inquiry Few extant studies investigate the weather decision making process using qualitative research methods. Therefore, I propose an instrumental case study to investigate the aeronautical decision making process at a university affiliated flight school between 2014 and 2015. A case study is appropriate when developing an in-depth analysis of an event, program, activity or more than one individual. In addition, the case study uses multiple sources of information such as observations, interviews and review of documents (Creswell, 2013). This research project will undertake a post positivist approach because there is not necessarily a cause and effect outcome. Potentially each subject can provide a different process. This case studyShow MoreRelatedEssay about Aviation/Aerospace Psychology736 Words   |  3 Pagescandidates may not have prior military experience or any flight experience at all, their training would be ab initio (from the beginning). b. Some resources that could be used would be selecting prior military pilots or recruiting from aeronautical training schools, and finally recruiting experienced pilots from other commercial carriers. c. The overall selection process should include standardized test scores, college grade point averages, and medical qualifications if militaryRead MoreHuman Factors Of Aviation Safety : Cognitive Science1345 Words   |  6 PagesKarreem L. Lisbon Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University May 2017 Abstract Cognitive science is the interdisciplinary scientific study of minds as information processors. It includes research on how information is processed, represented, and transformed in a nervous system or machine. Human factors directly cause or contribute to many aviation incidents that develop into accidents. In this paper, I will discuss how learning, knowledge, language, and decision making affects the cognitive structureRead MoreThe Ntsb On National Transport Safety Board2268 Words   |  10 Pagescross country trip by a seven-year-old named Jessica Dubroff (1). Poor aeronautical decision-making (ADM) alongside with stormy weather, an overweight aircraft and an excessively ambitious trip itinerary led to the crash of the private general aviation aircraft that killed the young girl, her father, and a flight instructor. After investigations, the NTSB ruled that the probable cause for the accident was the improper decisions made by the flight instructor, who was the pilot in command at the timeRead MoreDecision Support System and Managerial Decision Making4565 Words   |  19 PagesFALL 2011 Decision Support System and Managerial Decision Making Prof. Hassan Qudrat-Ullah Due Date: December 8, 2011 By: Farazeh Khalid Mian Abhishek Sahi Table of Contents SECTION NUMBER | SECTION NAME | PAGE NUMBER | | Abstract | 3 | 11.11.2 | IntroductionWhat is decision making? What is a Decision Support System? | 3, 44, 5, 6 | 22.12.22.3 | Literature Review DSS in the business environmentImportant attributes of the Decision Support SystemCapabilitiesRead MoreMoral And Ethical Framework Appraisal2998 Words   |  12 Pagesethical decision making steps I would take to arrive at a resolution of the case and what actions or change interventions would I take in this case. The second part of the paper will provide an appraisal. The first is the ways in which self-awareness of my personal life experiences, including my emotional influence on perceptions of legal issues and professional ethics, could affect my work with this case. Second, how my personal ethical perspectives could affect ethical decision-making specificallyRead MoreThe Principles Of Scientific Management Focus On Increasing1039 Words   |  5 Pagesvariety and has responsibility for a complete job (chary, 2009). Most companies use empowerment as a tool for increasing employee satisfaction and motivation. Empowerment refers to making empl oyees more involved in their jobs and in the operations of the organization by increasing their participation in decision making (Pride et al, 2008). According to Pride et al., (2008), empowerment encourages control within an organization that runs from the bottom-up because empowered workers can voice theirRead MoreLogistics Of The Aviation Industry Essay1442 Words   |  6 Pagesforced to outsource for materials from geographically diverse suppliers, posing a significant challenge in the logistics departments. Since the advent of aeronautics, regulations have often stressed on continuous research and development of products, making manufacturing be an expensive exercise that most companies are not able to do alone. For such reasons, reverse logistics plays a critical role especially when dealing with defective and damaged merchandise, seasonal inventory, recalls, salvage, restockRead MoreLeadership Notes On Leadership And Motivation1314 Words   |  6 PagesIt feels empowering t o put my thoughts down on paper and in so doing, crystallize just what my capabilities are, whilst also identifying what I think will make me a more effective leader and more rounded manager in the future. I have chosen an aeronautical context in which to represent my leadership map and in keeping with this theme, the flight at times may be turbulent, with plenty of thunderstorms along the way and the best route may not always be as the crow flies, but I believe that, now I haveRead MoreSputnik And The Space Race1598 Words   |  7 Pagescrisis, NASA began operations on October 1, 1958, absorbing into itself the earlier National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics intact: its 8,000 employees, an annual budget of $100 million, three major research laboratories-Langley Aeronautical Laboratory, Ames Aeronautical Laboratory, and Lewis Flight Propulsion Laboratory-and two smaller test facilities.†(Steve Ganer) This was because the start of the space race, although it had sent fear through so many, many more people had gotten jobs because ofRead MoreAviation And Aerospace Decision Making2805 Words   |  12 Pages Aviation Aerospace decision making by pilots Johnny El-Kassis SFTY 320 December 12, 2014 Abstract A pilot’s career doesn’t just start up as soon as he takes the license, but it’s a start of a long way that would be accompanied with technological advancements and multiple trainings to be on top of things since its well known that a high percentage of accidents are usually human based. Training pilots is one factor that has to be balanced by decision-making skills such as a great

Problems with Standardized Testing Essay Example For Students

Problems with Standardized Testing Essay Higher Standards: Problems with Standardized Testing Essay Where is the standardized test that can measure passion for learning, respect for others, and human empathy? These are the words of Tom McKenna, a disgruntled high school teacher from Portland, Oregon. Like many other educators and students across the nation, Tom is tired of the system. The educational system today is composed of a series of standardized tests. Standardized tests are bad for many reasons. They cause teachers to limit their curriculum, put low-level income and minority students at a disadvantage, cause school districts to focus too heavily on raising test scores, and extract the passion for learning from students. In many cases teachers are encouraged to teach only material that will be seen on certain standardized tests. For this reason, teachers are forced to extract superfluous material from the course. Instead, teachers focus only on specific items from the test. Students are encouraged to memorize isolated facts and regurgitate short responses. In an article published by the FairTest organization, this method is called teaching the test. Teaching the test seems to be conducive to improving test-taking skills but real academic progression is not always represented. The aforementioned Tom McKenna was put in this very predicament. In his article titled, The Straitjacket of Standardized Tests he tells a story of two of his high school students engaged in a project which enthralled their interest in an unlikely subject. McKenna had become friends with a man named Sol Shapiro. Shapiro, now in a retirement home, had once been a resident in South Portland, Oregon, which was a Jewish immigrant community. McKennas students accompanied him to Shapiros house in order to conduct an interview. A few seconds into the interview Shapiro broke down in tears and the students immediately turned off the video camera and tape recorder. The students comforted Sol. They finished the interview, much of which was unrecorded. McKenna noted that these students had an increased interest in oral history following the interview. They wanted more. he noted. He then adds, Unfortunately, given the demands of current educational reform in Oregon, teachers are finding it difficult to give students the more they desire. McKenna was referring to the fact that teachers in Oregon are encouraged to strive to do well on standardized tests, leaving little time to cover other matters. The pressure that is involved has a trickle down effect. Everyone is evaluated by test scores. Principals are evaluated by the school board and teachers by the principals. Standardized tests are used more so today in the United States than ever before. These tests are used to see if young children are ready to begin school, to track progress throughout the school system, to diagnose learning disabilities, to promote or retain students from the next level, to gage competitiveness amongst other high school graduates, and many other things. There is a ripple effect of standardized tests as well. Since schools focus mainly on material that is covered on standardized tests, programs that do not appear on such tests get omitted from schools altogether. These programs include music, physical education, and the arts. These types of classes have proven to be extremely important in the developmental process of young minds. Caleb Rossiter, a statistician at American University in Washington D.C. complains, They dont see what the effort to bring up the scores is doing to the curriculum. They dont see the dispiriting effect of scrapping art, music and physical education because they are not on the tests. The types of students that are hurt most by standardized testing are minority students and low-level income students. When these students perform poorly on standardized tests, they are likely to be placed in slow classes. These types of classes focus almost exclusively on drill and memorization. This type of method is used because it produces higher test scores which seems to be the only concern. .ufe9a4e221e20692c770e692b8ed01a15 , .ufe9a4e221e20692c770e692b8ed01a15 .postImageUrl , .ufe9a4e221e20692c770e692b8ed01a15 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .ufe9a4e221e20692c770e692b8ed01a15 , .ufe9a4e221e20692c770e692b8ed01a15:hover , .ufe9a4e221e20692c770e692b8ed01a15:visited , .ufe9a4e221e20692c770e692b8ed01a15:active { border:0!important; } .ufe9a4e221e20692c770e692b8ed01a15 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .ufe9a4e221e20692c770e692b8ed01a15 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .ufe9a4e221e20692c770e692b8ed01a15:active , .ufe9a4e221e20692c770e692b8ed01a15:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .ufe9a4e221e20692c770e692b8ed01a15 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .ufe9a4e221e20692c770e692b8ed01a15 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .ufe9a4e221e20692c770e692b8ed01a15 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .ufe9a4e221e20692c770e692b8ed01a15 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/plugins/intelly-related-posts/assets/images/simple-arrow.png)no-repeat; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .ufe9a4e221e20692c770e692b8ed01a15:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .ufe9a4e221e20692c770e692b8ed01a15 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .ufe9a4e221e20692c770e692b8ed01a15 .ufe9a4e221e20692c770e692b8ed01a15-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .ufe9a4e221e20692c770e692b8ed01a15:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Arts in Education Essay The interests of the student in the long run are seldom taken into account. According to FairTest, being in this sort of environment ensures these students will fall further and further behind their peers. However, it is not just minority and low-income students that are hurt by students that are hurt by standardized .

Monday, April 20, 2020

Internet Regulation Essays (1120 words) - Pornography Law

Internet Regulation Computer, Internet, Privacy INTERNET REGULATION: POLICING CYBERSPACE The Internet is a method of communication and a source of information that is becoming more popular among those who are interested in, and have the time to surf the information superhighway. The problem with this much information being accessible to this many people is that some of it is deemed inappropriate for minors. The government wants censorship, but a segment of the population does not. Legislative regulation of the Internet would be an appropriate function of the government. The Communications Decency Act is an amendment which prevents the information superhighway from becoming a computer red light district. On June 14, 1995, by a vote of 84-16, the United States Senate passed the amendment. It is now being brought through the House of Representatives.1 The Internet is owned and operated by the government, which gives them the obligation to restrict the materials available through it. Though it appears to have sprung up overnight, the inspiration of free-spirited hackers, it in fact was born in Defense Department Cold War projects of the 1950s.2 The United States Government owns the Internet and has the responsibility to determine who uses it and how it is used. The government must control what information is accessible from its agencies. This material is not lawfully available through the mail or over the telephone, there is no valid reason these perverts should be allowed unimpeded on the Internet. Since our initiative, the industry has commendably advanced some blocking devices, but they are not a substitute for well-reasoned law.4 Because the Internet has become one of the biggest sources of information in this world, legislative safeguards are imperative. The government gives citizens the privilege of using the Internet, but it has never given them the right to use it. They seem to rationalize that the framers of the constitution planned & plotted at great length to make certain that above all else, the profiteering pornographer, the pervert and the pedophile must be free to practice their pursuits in the presence of children on a taxpayer created and subsidized computer network.3 People like this are the ones in the wrong. Taxpayer's dollars are being spent bringing obscene text and graphics into the homes of pe ople all over the world. The government must take control to prevent pornographers from using the Internet however they see fit because they are breaking laws that have existed for years. Cyberpunks, those most popularly associated with the Internet, are members of a rebellious society that are polluting these networks with information containing pornography, racism, and other forms of explicit information. When they start rooting around for a crime, new cybercops are entering a pretty unfriendly environment. Cyberspace, especially the Internet, is full of those who embrace a frontier culture that is hostile to authority and fearful that any intrusions of police or government will destroy their self-regulating world.5 The self-regulating environment desired by the cyberpunks is an opportunity to do whatever they want. The Communications Decency Act is an attempt on part of the government to control their free attitude displayed in homepages such as Sex, Adult Pictures, X-Rated Porn, Hot Sleazy Pictures (Cum again + again) and sex, sex, sex. heck, it's better even better than real sex6. What we are doing is simply making the same laws, held constitutional time and time again by the courts with regard to obscenity and indecency through the mail and telephones, applicable to the Internet.7 To keep these kinds of pictures off home computers, the government must control information on the Internet, just as it controls obscenity through the mail or on the phone. Legislative regulations must be made to control information on the Internet because the displaying or distribution of obscene material is illegal. The courts have generally held that obscenity is illegal under all circumstances for all ages, while indecency is generally allowable to adults, but that laws protecting children from this lesser form are acceptable. It's called protecting those among us who are children from the vagrancies of adults.8 The constitution of the United States has set regulations to determine what is categorized as obscenity and what is not. In Miller vs. California, 413 U.S. at 24-25, the court announced its Miller Test and held,

Sunday, March 15, 2020

The Definition of a Dermal Denticle

The Definition of a Dermal Denticle Dermal denticles (placoid scales) are tough scales that cover the skin of elasmobranchs (sharks and rays). Even though denticles are similar to scales, they are actually just modified teeth and are covered with hard enamel. These structures are packed tightly together and grow with their tips facing backward, giving the skin a rough feel if you run your finger from tail to head, and a smooth feel from head to tail. What Dermal Denticles Do The main function of these denticles is for protection against predators, kind of like a naturally occurring  chainmail armor, although in some sharks they have a hydrodynamic function. The denticles reduce turbulence and drag which allows the shark to swim faster and covertly. Some swimsuit manufacturers are trying to replicate sharks denticles in swimsuit material in order to help swimmers cut through the water faster.   Like our teeth, dermal denticles have an inner core of pulp (made up of connective tissues, blood vessels, and nerves), covered by a layer of dentine (hard calcareous material). This is covered with an enamel-like vitrodentine, which provides a hard outer casing. While scales in bony fish grow as the fish gets large, dermal denticles stop growing after they reach a certain size. More denticles are added later as the fish grows.

Friday, February 28, 2020

Richard Nixon Effects on the Vietnam War Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 words

Richard Nixon Effects on the Vietnam War - Essay Example The first and foremost issue that confronted Nixon was the massive casualties that occurred on either sides of the war. Moreover the moral decays evidenced in the events of â€Å"My Lai Massacre†, â€Å"Green Beret Affair† and civilian cost in the operation â€Å"Speedy Express† infuriated the silent majority of the American to raise their voice against the war.1 But such a demand from the American mass posed a great dilemma for Nixon Government. On one hand Nixon had to retain the sublimity of the US image in the power politics in the international field during the rising tension of Cold War.2 But it was not possible through a quick Military withdrawal from war. On the other hand, he had to pacify the outraged mob who massively could contribute to his failure in the next election in case he failed to manage a decent way-out while retaining the sublimity of the US image. At home Nixon’s dilemma was -as it is said in â€Å"Richard M. Nixon - The Vietnam wa r† says- that â€Å"If his plan involved escalation, Democrats could charge that he was abandoning attempts to reach a peaceful solution and could point to mounting American casualties and prisoners of war. If he negotiated a solution that led to the fall of the government in Saigon, Democrats could charge that he had abandoned an ally†.3 Indeed this situation was reflected greatly and played crucial role in shaping Nixon’s policy for the Vietnam War. Now though Nixon became successful to retain his position in the Oval Office in the election of 1973 and also to retain the US big-brother image in international power politics, he failed, to a great extent, to help the war. But in return he had to turn the upside of the US foreign policy down by sacrificing America’s image as the savior of â€Å"Democracy†.4 Nixon’s offensive stance, the â€Å"Madman† doctrine seems to lie at the root of all these failures, because it can be convened tha t his defensive stance would have helped more the causes of South Vietnam to survive as a democratic state than the â€Å"Madman Doctrine† could do. What Started the War? The root of the Vietnam War dates back in the year 1955. An in-depth analysis of the war is essentially bound to yield the fact that the war fairly turns from the colonial struggle of the French into the war of the US democratic interest. From the viewpoint of the US Government the US involvement in the war was meant to prevent the proliferation of communism over South Vietnam. But as per the North Vietnamese people as well as the common Vietnamese’s view, the war was the Vietnamese struggle against the colonial power, which was initially fought against the French. But later it turned against South Vietnam that was backed by the US Army. During the Cold War after the Second World War, the US Foreign Policy Makers concentrated their attention to hold the US power on the regional politics in Asia. As a legacy of this policy, the Johnson Government grabbed the opportunity to strengthen its hold on South Vietnam. Obviously the propaganda behind the US Military reinforcement was that â€Å"non-communist South Vietnam was invaded by communist North Vietnam and that the United States came to the aid of the â€Å"democratic† regime in the South†.5 According to Pilger, the US reason to involve in the war is still vague because the US involvement

Tuesday, February 11, 2020

In Fighting Obesity, are Calories, Carbohydrates or Fat Grams the Research Paper

In Fighting Obesity, are Calories, Carbohydrates or Fat Grams the Enemy - Research Paper Example population (Dietz, 2009). Research studies reveal that obesity is found to be associated with numerous chronic health states counting diabetes, stroke, heart diseases, high blood pressure (Glied, 2003). The number is increasing constantly and thereby obesity does not come alone but in association with other chronic conditions, radically enhancing the cost of healthcare. In order to afford the essential therapeutic concern and management, it requires to deal with comorbid states, resulting in the financial burden on the nation as well as deficit in upcoming healthcare endowment. Besides, an augmenting demands of health care facilities is observed, hence a complicated situation is portrayed. A more wide-ranging interdisciplinary research is required to have an insight to understand the situation (Glied, 2003). As obesity has emerged as an issue that is engulfing the well-being of individuals of the present epoch and is rising as an epidemic in the United States of America. The incidenc e of obesity amongst adults has become two fold in past couple of decades intensifying the health concern and related issues of the inhabitants (Flegal, 2010). Obesity condenses eminence of life, enhances the probability of untimely death, augments the jeopardy for numerous persistent diseases, related to heart such as coronary heart disease, hypertension, other related disorders like high cholesterol levels, sleep apnea, overweight resulting in orthopaedic problems, early signs of puberty in case of obese kids, reduced life expectancy, stroke, obesity enhances the possibilities of witnessing Type 2 diabetes, elevated BMI, cancer, arthritis, metabolic disorders and other related anomalies (US Department of Health and Human Services: The Surgeon General’s Call to Action to Prevent and Decrease Obesity). Obesity not only brings concern about health, but it adds to the financial burden too. Obesity augments the health care costs. Estimates reveal that obesity accounts for approx imately 10% of yearly medical expenses, increasing the obesity-associated medical costs to $147 billion in 2008 (Finkelstein. 2009). Obesity has reached an alarming position in USA, and two well distinguished categories have been demonstrated namely obese and extreme obese. Findings disclose that over one-third adults of United States are found to be obese during the year 2007–2008 (Flegal, 2010). According to The National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), the incidence of obesity in the United States could be estimated by means of data for height to weight ratio. The prevalence rate of obesity displays that there was a steady increase in obesity equally in both the sexes belonging to all ages from 1976 -1980 to 1988-1994. On the other hand, the trend in obesity augmentation between 1988-1994 and 1999-2000 was significant in other ages except for the males belonging to the age between 40 to 59 years. While data analysis from 2001-2002 to 2003-2004 recommended escalating trends since 1999-2000 in males and not in females (Ogden, 2006).? Obesity trends also varies between the ethnic and racial communal groups which is displayed by means of BMI, a helpful tool to measure obesity for the examination and comparison of the obesity and to procure data in a standard format across the world as BMI indicates the percentage of body fat (Bouchard, 2008). Causes of Obesity As described by Glied,